Anubias is a popular genus of aquatic plants known for their hardiness and ease of care. These plants can be combined with rocks, driftwood, or other decorations in the aquarium, but can they be planted on the substrate?
Here’s a comprehensive guide to planting Anubias in a substrate.
Anubias plants do not need a substrate to grow, as they can attach their roots to aquarium decorations. However, if you prefer to use a substrate, choosing the right type is important. Anubias plants prefer a substrate of fine sand or gravel. Avoid using too thick a substrate as this can suffocate the roots and cause the plant to die.
Planting Anubias in Substrate
To plant Anubias in the substrate, carefully remove the plant from its current attachment point and gently wash away any debris or old substrate. Using scissors or a sharp knife, cut off any damaged or dying roots.
Bury the roots carefully into the substrate, making sure not to bury the rhizome (the thick stem that connects the leaves and roots). It is important to apply the Anubias at the same level as the previous one, or slightly more if necessary. After planting, gently press the substrate around the roots to secure the plant in place.
Care for Anubias in Substrate
Once planted, anubias in the substrate require the same care as ornamentals. They prefer moderate to low light, good water quality with a pH between 6.5 and 7.5, and regular water changes. It is important not to bury the rhizome too deeply, as this can cause the plant to rot. It is also important to avoid disturbing the substrate around the roots too much, as this can damage the plant.
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Is it OK to plant Anubias in substrate?
Yes, it is possible to plant Anubias in the substrate. However, this is not necessary because Anubias is an epiphytic plant, which means it can grow by attaching its roots to hardscape elements like rocks or driftwood. When planting Anubias in the substrate, it is important to choose the right type of substrate, as Anubias prefer fine-grained sand or gravel rather than coarse or nutrient-rich soil.
Can I plant Anubias in soil?
Anubias plants can be planted in soil, but this is not recommended. Anubias is not a heavy feeder and does not require a nutrient-rich substrate to thrive. In fact, soil can often lead to nutrient imbalances and organic matter buildup, which can be detrimental to plant health. Anubias grow best when attached to hardscape elements such as rocks or driftwood.
Should you bury Anubias roots?
When planting anubias in the substrate, it is important not to bury the rhizome (the thick stem that connects the leaves and roots) too deeply, as this can cause it to rot. However, Anubias roots can be buried in the substrate, as they are responsible for taking up nutrients and anchoring the plant in place. It is important to plant gently without damaging the roots and to ensure that they are not covered with too much substrate.
Do Anubias need to be fully submerged?
Anubias is a fully aquatic plant and can survive completely submerged in water. However, it is important to note that Anubias is a slow-growing plant and does not require a lot of light or nutrients to thrive. In fact, anubias can grow well in low-light conditions and are often used in low-tech or low-maintenance aquarium setups. Anubias can grow partially or completely out of the water as long as the roots are kept moist.
Anubias can be planted in substrate, but it is important to choose the right type of substrate and plant Anubias carefully. They prefer a substrate of fine sand or gravel, and the roots should not be buried too deeply. Once planted, Anubias require the same care as ornamentals, including moderate to low light, good water quality, and regular water changes. With proper care, substrate-planted anubias can thrive in your aquarium for years to come.